Aging and the Body Systems 

Article by Tammy Petersen   Cardiovascular System The main function of this system is the internal transport of cells and dissolved materials, including nutrients, wastes, and gases. The main function of this system is the internal transport of cells and dissolved materials, including nutrients, wastes, and gases. Differences between cardiovascular functioning in older and younger…

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Effects of Resistance Training and Aerobic Exercise Plus Nutrition on Bone, Muscle, and Blood Pressure in Older Adults

Personal trainer helping an older adult woman with a resistance training exercise.

Article by Wayne L. Westcott, Ph.D., Jose Vaighese, M.D., Nancy Moynihan, M.S., Rita La Rosa Loud, B.S., Scott Whitehead, B.S. According to recent research reported by the National Institutes of Health and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 55, fewer than 2.5 percent of older adults (age 60 and above) attain 30 or more minutes…

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Why Should Personal Trainers Become Self Defense Trainers?

By Tim Rockford Why should personal trainers consider adding self defense training to the list of client services offered? There are both personal and professional reasons! Let’s put one myth to rest immediately. Acquiring the skills and knowledge necessary for teaching basic level self defense methods, tactics and techniques, to the general public does not…

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Five Reasons Why You Want to Eat Carbohydrates

By Nancy Clark As the New Year starts, I hear way too many athletes vowing to “knock off carbs” for their nutrition resolution. Most intend to eat less sugar (OK). Some plan to cut out bread, pasta, potato and starchy foods (not OK). And, others plan to also limit fruits and veggies (bad idea). The…

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Can Better Posture From Corrective Exercise Make You Happier?

By Justin Price As a fitness professional trained in musculoskeletal assessments, you are already aware that a client’s posture holds clues about their structure and movement potential. However, have you ever considered that you can also use the results of a postural assessment to gain insight into your client’s mental state of mind and emotional…

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Re-examining Exercise Repetition Speed

By Wayne L. Westcott Movement speed has long been a controversial area in the field of strength training.  Although fast movement speeds may permit heavier weight loads, this is largely due to momentum.  For example, if Jim performs barbell curls with his back against the wall he can use an 80-pound weight load.  However, if…

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Sports Nutrition Questions

By Nancy Clark   Athletes have many questions about how to fuel for top performance. The Internet abounds with answers—but how do you what’s valid? Here are some trust-worthy answers, based on research presented at the American College of Sports Medicine’s Annual Meeting (May 2018; www.ACSM.org). FUELING DURING  Do elite athletes, such as professional soccer…

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